What Is A Gun Cleaning Solution?

A gun has different components which all work together for smooth and accurate functioning. It is needless to mention how important it is to clean your gun regularly, preferably after every session.

While the gun’s primary cleaning is pretty simple and does not require any expertise, it is always done better with the right equipment. One of which is the gun cleaning solution.

Gun cleaning solutions are specially formulated for deep cleaning most quickly and effectively. Not only that, but they also help protect the gun from rust and corrosion.

What Does A Gun Solvent or Cleaning Solution Do?

Just like gun oil has several merits and purposes to it, so do gun solvents. Gun solvents are basically chemical mixtures that are designed to optimally clean firearm barrels. It also cleans and protects the gun for rusting, residual fouling buildup, loosens, and dissolves any carbon fouling and more.

Gun cleaning solutions or solvents are often harsh chemical mixtures that are highly flammable. They mostly comprise ethylene glycol, potassium, ammonia, surfactants, kerosene, N-butyl ether, caustic soaps, etc.

The primary objective of gun cleaning solutions is to remove any metallic and powder fouling deposited on the barrel’s sides with repeated usage without cleaning. 

When we use a gun, the internal components experience extreme heating, friction, and high-speed movement. This causes significant wear in the gun if not maintained regularly and can also hamper the accuracy and functioning. 

How to Use A Gun Cleaning Solution?

Gun cleaning solutions are meant to be soaked for a while before they can start working on loosening and dissolving any carbon or metal remains. 

Here’s a quick guide to using a gun cleaning solution the right way:

#1 Coating the Solution 

The first and foremost is to find a clean bore patch and rod. Now soak the bore patch in the gun cleaning solution, and run the patch through the barrel, completely coating the inside with the solution. 

#2 Let It Sit

Before we can proceed with the process, let the solution sit on the barrel for about 10 to 15 minutes. We let the solution soak because it allows them time for the solvent to soften the fouling material and debris to be cleaned easily later.

#3 Clean the Barrel

Remove the patch from the barrel from the other side and remember not to push it back inside again. This will then redeposit any dump that the patch has collected. 

Then rerun a clean patch by pushing it from one side of the muzzle and taking it out from the other. Repeat the process until the patch comes out clean. You may use one patch for a maximum of twice.

#4 Recheck the Barrel

Even after cleaning it several times, if you still see any black or carbon debris on the patch, then we have another quick trick.

Take a brass brush, dip it in the gun cleaning solvent, push it into the barrel, and scrub it with a steady but light hand. Work the brush back and forth to clean out any stubborn remains from the inside.

Then, finish it with a clean patch again. Repeat the process if needed.

#5 Gun Oil Coating

Once you have cleaned it thoroughly, apply a light coat of gun oil to protect the bore. Only a drop or two with a cotton swab can do the magic. There you have a clean and shiny gun for your next session.

This is me, Steve Coffman. I'm the Chief Editor of IGFA. I'm retired military personnel who is now into shooting and hunting. As an outdoor expert, I have experience in dealing with all kinds of guns, from light to heavy firearms. Currently, I'm spending my time hunting, shooting and writing on my blog.